Short history of the old Jewish school in Tîrgu-Mureș

One of the mainstays of Jewish education has been studying and teaching. The first schools „the chéders” put an accent on religious education. In the second half of the XIX century, such a school was founded under the leadership of Náthán Beregi (not authentic data). Later on in the 70’s of the XIX century the Jewish Community negotiates with Nathan Pollák in order to hand the private school over to the management of the community. On the 1st of September 1880 the Jewish primary school had been inaugurated in the courtyard of the old chapel. (former School, Tyukszer, today Aurel Filimon street). Its first director was Vilmos Pllacsek. The residence of it had been changed several times until it was moved to its final place in 1890 (former Sailor, Gábor Baross, Traian, today Horea street). The school was built and expended by public subscription so that, due to the Ministerial Decree in September 1923, it could accept pupils excluded from schools of other denominations. So on the 30 of October 1923 the enlarged school had four teachers and totally separated grades, moreover fifth, sixth and seventh grade pupils were enrolled from that year. The directors were Mór Kemenes, dr. Dezső Engelberg, afterwards Jenő Moskovits. The status quo ante community did everything in order to ensure a well-qualified teaching stuff and to maintain a strong and competitive school for Jewish children. In 1891-92 the number of enrolled children was 72, but in 1925-26 it reaches the 235, and in the following years it is only about 140. In 1943-44 only the number of private pupils is known namely 22.
     On the 7th of July 1931 the school celebrated the 50-year Jubilee. At the ceremony the following took the floor: Ferenc Löwy chief Rabbi, dr. Lajos Lötte doctor, school committee director and Ferenc Radó, „Uncle Radó”, teacher also about 200 former pupils participated at this festivity.
     

In 1940 the primary school became a 6th grade „Jewish Civilian School” directed by József Stern (survivor of the deportation, as József Simon he founds of the Radnóti Gymnasium in Zugló, Budapest). In April 1944 the school was closed, the majority of the pupils never returned from the Auschwitz concentration camps. (The list of the deported pupils figures on a plaque in an old classroom - see photo and list below).
      After the Second World War the school was reopened on the 15th of October 1945, with 37 pupils of I-VI grades. The teaching staff was formed of the director is Ilona Salamon (Huszár), Dr. Ráchel Spielmann Sebestyén, diploma teacher and from 1946 Paula Schönfeld, religion and Hebrew language diploma teacher. The school was functioning in this way until 1948, when denominational schools were put an end to. In place of the former Jewish School on Horea Street no. 19, the 2nd Hungarian Language Elementary School was founded. Later on it becomes the Elementary School No. 4 which is today known as „Europa” Gymnasium.

Hungarian and Romanian text by George Diamantstein

   

Bibliography:

  1. Sebestyén Mihály: Időtár II. Marosvásárhely történeti kronológiája 1848-tól 1918-ig, Marosvásárhely, Mentor, 2010 (The historical chronology of Tîrgu-Mureș from 1848 to 1918)
  2. Sebestyén Mihály: Időtár III. Marosvásárhely történeti kronológiája 1919-től 1944-ig, Marosvásárhely, Mentor, 2011 (The historical chronology of Tîrgu-Mureș from 1919 to 1944)
  3. Blos Jáni Melinda: A 4-es számú általános iskola története. (The history of the Elementary School No. 4, BSc. thesis), 1998 (in possession of Ausch Sándor honorary chairman of the Jewish Community)
  4. Pál-Antal Sándor: A marosvásárhelyi utcák, közök és terek történeti névtára – Indicatorul istoric al străzilor, pasajelor și piețelor din Târgu Mureș, Marosvásárhely, Mentor, 1997 (Register of street, lanes and squares in Târgu-Mureș)
  5. Trencsényi László: Egy osztálynyi történelem (A classful of history), http://rmpsz.ro/uploaded/tiny/files/magiszter/2011/nyar/19.pdf
 

Centropa

Jenõ Moskovits, the school director with pupils
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The class photo of Éva Deutsch
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Jenõ Moskovits, the school director with pupils
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Jenõ Moskovits, the school director with pupils
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Source: www.centropa.hu
 

List of the Deported Children in 1944, in the Same Order as on the Plaque

I. gr. primary school II. gr. primary school III. gr. primary school IV. gr. primary school
I. gr. secondary school II. gr. secondary school III. gr. secondary school IV. gr. secondary school


I. elemi osztályTanító: DEUTSCH ELEK

Învățător: DEUTSCH ELEK clasa I primară


BECHER KLÁRA

MENDEL LILI

FISCHER PÁL

DIAMANTSTEIN GIZELLA

MÜHLBAUER BERTA

GANZ JÁNOS

EICHENSTEIN REBEKA

ROSENTHAL ÁGNES

GANZ OTTO

FRUCHTER ERZSÉBET

SILBINGER JUDITH

HAUPTMANN SAUL

GROSS LIVIA

SIMON ILONA

HEISIKOVITS ERVIN

GROSSMANN MIRJÁM

SIMON JUDITH

IZSÁK GYÖRGY

HAMLET KATALIN

WÉGNER NORA OLGA

IZSÁK PÉTER

HEVESI OLGA

WEINGER DELILA

JAKABOVITS MAXIMILIAN

KOHN ANETTE

ÁBRAHÁM MÁRTON

LÉB ALFRÉD

KOHN JUDITH

BENEDEK PÉTER

MALEK ARNOLD

KOHN MÁRIA

DÁVIDOVITS ARTUR

MASLER RÓBERT

LÁNG JULIA

DETSCH LÁSZLÓ

ROSENFELD D.PÉTER

LÁZÁR EDITH

FARKAS IGNÁC

SINGER MIKLÓS

LEBOVITS ZITA

FARKAS TAMÁS

SMILOVITS PÁL




II. elemi osztály Tanító: ROSENFELD ERZSÉBET

Învățător: ROSENFELD ERZSÉBET clasa II primară


BRIMBIR ERIKA

NÁFTALI MÁRTA

KLEIN GYÖRGY

CZITRON ÉVA

RING JUDITH

LAJOS IMRE

FARKAS ERIKA

ROSENFELD ELZA

LAX ERVIN

FRIEDMANN IVONN

SALAMON MATILD

LÁZÁR TAMÁS

GOLDSTEIN MIRJAM

SIMON NURITHA

MALIC JÓZSEF

GRÜN GIZELLA

SCHÖNFELD EDITH

PAE ALFRÉD

GRÜNBAUM LIA

SZEGŐ ÁGNES

PASZTERNAK JENŐ

GUTMANN ÉVA

UNGÁR ÉVA

PETRANKER MIHÁLY

HIRSCH ILONA

WEISZ MAGDA

SELIG ALFRÉD

JANKOVITS ÁGNES

BERMANN ANTAL

SCHNITZER IVÁN

KASSOWITZ MÁRIA

BOSKOVITS GÁBOR

SCHWIMMER HUGO

KOHN JOLÁN

DRIMMER PÁL

SZALAI ERVIN

LENGMANN EDITH

FARKAS ATTILA

SZALAI GYÖRGY

LÖV REBEKA

GERSON ALFRÉD

SZILÁGYI ANDOR

MANDL EUGENIA

GRÜNFELD ANDOR

WEISZ BENJÁMIN

MÁRMAROSI ÉVA






III. elemi osztály Tanító: RADÓ FERENC

Învățător: RADÓ FERENC clasa III primară


ÁBRAHÁM JUDITH

PÁL VERONIKA

GRÜNBAUM MIKLÓS

AUSCH ERNA

POLLÁK FRANCISKA

JAKABOVITS TIBOR

BALÁN ERZSÉBET

RITTMANN ANNA

KAIN TIBOR

BERNER HELGA

RIES LAURA

KOHN GÁBOR

BERNER NORA

ROSENBLATT ANNA

LANZET CHAIM

CZITROM ROZA

ROSENFELD ÁGNES

MARKOVITS SIMON

FODOR ÉVA

ROSENFELD RIZA

PAE FERENC

FUCHS ZSUZSI

SÁNDOR ÉVA

ROSENBLATT VICTOR

GÁRDOS ALICE

SILBINGER ÁGNES

ROSNER HERMAN

KOHN EMILIA

SILBINGER TAMARA

SALAMON GÁBOR

KŐVÁRI SONJA

SIMON REGINA

WEISZ ERNŐ

LESSMANN ÉVA

DÁVID LORÁNT

WEISZ TAMÁS

MANDL ÉVA

ENGEL TAMÁS

WIEDER CHAIM

NICHTBURG ILONA

FARKAS GÁBOR

WIEDER ERNŐ

NUSBÄCHER LIDIA

FARKAS GYÖRGY

MIHÁLY ERVIN




IV. elemi osztály Tanító: MOSKOVITS JENŐ igazgató

Învățător: MOSKOVITS JENŐ director clasa IV primară


ÁBRAHÁM EDITH

LEHNER IBOLYA

GERSCH ANDOR

BECHER MARGIT

MANDL VERONIKA

GLEICHER MÓZES

BERGER EDITH

MARK ÉVA

GOLDSTEIN RÓBERT

BERKOVITS FANY

MÁRTON EDITH

GRÜNFELD SÁNDOR

BLAU KATALIN

NAFTALI ÁGNES

IZSÁK MÁRTON

EICHENSTEIN SÁRA

PÁSZTERNÁK RELLA

JÓZSEF ERVIN

FEIG JOLÁN

SILBINGER ANNA

KATZER GYÖRGY

GERSCH MÁRIANA

SINGER MIRJÁM

LAJOS ANDOR

GRÜN KATALIN

SINGER VERONIKA

LIEBERMANN TODOR

GRÜNSTEIN ERZSÉBET

SAX REGINA

MÁRMAROSI MIKLÓS

HIRSCH MARGIT

WIDDER ÁGNES

POLLÁK IGNÁC

KERTÉSZ TAMARA

BURGER PÉTER

SCHNITZER GYÖRGY

KOLOS RÓZA

DIAMANTSTEIN PÁL

WEISZ MÁYER

KRAUSZ ÉVA

FISCHEL HERS





I. gimnáziumi osztály Tanárok: LÁZÁR RÓBERT, F.HALÁSZ MAGDA

Profesori: LÁZÁR RÓBERT, F.HALÁSZ MAGDA clasa I gimnazială


ALSÓ BERTA

PÓLITZER JUDITH

FARKAS GYÖRGY

AUSCH ALIZ

ROSENZWEIG IBOLYA

FUCHS JÓZSEF

CZITROM KATALIN

ROSMANN ÁGNES

GOTTESMANN VILMOS

ERDÉLYI JULIA

SALAMON CECILIA

GRAUENFELS OTTO

FARKAS SÁRA

SALAMON ÉVA

JAKABOVITS JENŐ

FRITSCH MÁRTA

SILBINGER MÁRTA

LAX ISTVÁN

GANCZ JUDITH

SPIERER ZSENI

LEIB MIKLÓS

GANCZ HÁVICA

STEIMETZ IDA

LÖB JÓZSEF

GIDÁLI FÁNI

SCHWARTZ VERONIKA

NAFTALI VALENTIN

GOLDNER HELÉN

SCHWIMMER JUDITH

NOÉ BERNÁT

IOSEFOVITS ÁGNES

WÉGNER GERTRUD

PANETH IMRE

KIRÁLY LILI

ÁBRAHÁM ANDOR

POLLÁK ALBERT

KLEIN MAGDA

BLAU IMRE

RÜVEL MIHÁLY

LEBOVITS KATALIN

DÁVID EMIL

WEISS ANDOR

MARKUS MAGDA

DAVIDOVITS GYÖRGY


MIHÁLY JUDITH






II. gimnáziumi osztály Tanár: ÁBRAHÁM ANNA

Profesor: ÁBRAHÁM ANNA clasa II gimnazială


ÁBRAHÁM EDITH

KRUCK MIRJÁM

DASCAL ALBERT

ÁNDRÉSZEK IBOLYA

LAX DELILA

FARKAS SÁNDOR

BERGER KLÁRA

LÖV HELLA

GÁLL TAMÁS

BERNER ZSUZSA

MANDL ERZSÉBET

GOLDSTEIN ANDOR

CZITROM SÁRA

NUSSBAUM ÉVA

GROSZ EGON

FISCH PIROSKA

POLLÁK ANNA MÁRIA

HIRSCH JÓZSEF

GERSCH IBOLYA

ROSMANN ANNA

HIRSCH LIPOT

GRÜNBAUM ALIZ

ROSMANN MAGDA

KAPLUN MIHÁLY

GRÜNFELD EDITH

SCHAFFER LUJZA

LÉDERER IMRE

HAUSLICH KLÁRA

SIMON ERZSÉBET

RING ÁDÁM

HIRSCH JUDITH

STRUHL IDA

ROTHBART TAMÁS

HIRSCH LIVIA

WEISZ FRIDA

ROSENFELD MÁRTON

IZSÁK ZSUZSA

WOLF LIA

ROÓZ TAMÁS

JÁRAI RITA

BASCH HERMAN

RUFFEL RUDOLF

JONÁS MIRJÁM

BERKOVITS FERENCZ

SCHWÁRTZ TAMÁS

JÓZSEF MELITA

BERMAN EMIL

SPORN GYULA




III. gimnáziumi osztály Tanár: dr.TESSLER HERMAN

Profesor: dr.TESSLER HERMAN clasa III gimnazială


ÁBRAHÁM ÉVA

SILBERSTEIN ROZSA

LEIB TIBOR

ADLER MÁRIA

SIMON VERONIKA

MANDL VILMOS

FRIEDMANN MIRJAM

SINGER ÉVA

MÁRK DÁVID

GOLDSTEIN VERONIKA

SPIERER MIRJAM

MARKOVITS IZSÁK

GUTTMANN EDITH

SPORN MATILD

NAFTALI ERVIN

HELLER EDITH

WERTHEIMER DITA

NICHTBURG BERNÁT

JAKAB DORA

BASCH EMANUEL

PÁL GYULA

KELEMEN SONJA

BAUMZWEIG GYULA

ROSENZWEIG EMIL

KOHN LAURA

ENGEL MIKLÓS

SAJOVITS OTTO

LIEBERMANN ETELKA

FARKAS PÁL

SCHAPIRA ERVIN

MEISTER ERZSÉBET

JANKOVITS JENŐ

WEISZ ÖDÖN

MITTELMANN SÁRA

JONÁS ERVIN

WÉGNER GYÖRGY

ROSENFELD MÁRIA

KRAUSZ EGON

HIRSCH GYULA

SCHWARTZ KATALIN






IV. gimnáziumi osztály Tanár: R.VÉRTES MARGIT

Profesor: R.VÉRTES MARGIT clasa IV gimnazială


BERKOVITS REGINA

NEUMANN MAGDA

CZITROM MÁRTON

GEWÜRZ IBOLYA

NOÉ ELLA

GRÜNBAUM LÁSZLÓ

HECHT ROZSA

OVITS EDITH

HERSKOVITS BÉLA

HERZ MAGDA

RIES EDITH

HERSKOVITS SALAMON

HIRSCH ROZSA

RUBIN TERÉZ

IZSÁK JENŐ

KOHN IZABELLA

SINGER MAGDA

KLEIN IMRE

KÖZER ERIKA

SPIERER ERNA

LAX TIBOR

LÉB SÁRA

WEISZ MIRJÁM

RADÓ ENDRE


STEUER TIVADAR